Bash, short for "Bourne Again Shell," is a popular Unix shell and command language. It is the default shell for most Unix-like operating systems, including Linux and macOS. Bash provides users with a command-line interface (CLI) to interact with the operating system by executing commands and scripts.

Here are some key features and characteristics of the Bash programming language:

  1. Command Execution: Bash allows users to execute commands directly from the command line. Users can run system commands, launch programs, manipulate files and directories, and perform various system administration tasks using Bash commands.

  2. Scripting Language: Bash is also a scripting language, meaning users can write scripts (text files containing a series of commands) to automate tasks or perform complex operations. Bash scripts can include control structures like loops and conditionals, variables, functions, and other programming constructs.

  3. Shell Variables: Bash supports the use of variables to store data, such as strings, numbers, and arrays. Users can define variables, assign values to them, and manipulate their contents within Bash scripts.

  4. Control Structures: Bash scripts can include control structures such as loops (for, while) and conditionals (if-else) to control the flow of execution based on certain conditions.

  5. Functions: Users can define functions in Bash scripts to encapsulate reusable code blocks. Functions allow for better organization and modularization of code.

  6. Input/Output Redirection: Bash supports input/output redirection, allowing users to redirect the input/output streams of commands and scripts. This feature enables tasks like reading input from files, redirecting command output to files, and piping the output of one command as input to another.

  7. Job Control: Bash provides job control features, allowing users to manage multiple processes running in the background, suspend/resume processes, and switch between foreground and background tasks.

Bash is widely used by system administrators, developers, and power users for tasks ranging from simple file manipulation to complex system automation. Its ubiquity on Unix-like systems makes it an essential skill for anyone working with Linux, macOS, or other Unix-based operating systems.

Course curriculum

  1. 1
    • Introduction - Bash Scripting Fundamentals

    • Learning Objectives

    • Why Scripting In_Bash Makes Sense

    • Choosing An Editor

    • Core Bash Script Ingredients

    • Storing And Running The Script

    • Using Bash Internal Commands Versus External Commands

    • Finding Help About Scripting Components